Advanced English Homophones – different words that sound the same!


You made it, I made it. We are at the advanced
level of homophones. Hey, everyone. I’m Alex. Thanks for clicking, and like I said, this
is level three of my homophones series, the advanced stage. So, if you don’t know why homophones are important
to know, let me just repeat what I said at the end of the intermediate video, which is:
They’re important so that you know the spelling of words, you can understand context, you
can understand what people are saying when they use a word that maybe has another word that
sounds exactly the same but the pronunciation is also the same but the
meaning is different. So, as a recap, homophones once more are words
that sound the same, but are spelled differently and have a different meaning. So, it’s self-explanatory why they’re important
to know, but I mention it to you guys anyway. So let’s not waste any time
and let’s level up, guys. “Air”, “heir”. I think you know what “air” is…
Right? So, a technical definition, a mix of nitrogen,
oxygen, and other small amounts of gases, or a soft breeze, or in the Phil Collins song:
“I can feel it calling in the air tonight”, something like that. It’s a terrible, terrible voice. I’m sorry. I’m sorry, Phil.
Very sorry, Phil. Or Mr. Collins, I’ll call you Mr.
Collins. “Heir”, now “heir”, “h-e-i-r”, this is a noun
and this is a person who has the legal right to someone’s property
after they pass away. Now, usually when we think about heirs, we think
about it in, like, the Middle Ages where, you know, a prince is the
heir to the throne of a king. Once the king dies, the heir steps
up and he becomes the king. So, example from Lord of the Rings: “Aragorn
is Isildur’s heir”, in The Lord of the Rings. Spoiler alert if you haven’t seen
that movie or read those books. So, Aragorn is Isildur’s heir. Isildur defeated, you know, the evil wizard,
Sauron, and you’ve seen the movie, you know. Okay: “alter”, “altar”. “A-l-t-e-r”, this means to modify or
change something, so this is a verb. For example: “Do you wish
to alter your plans? Do you want to change
anything or modify anything?” And “altar”, the noun “a-l-t-a-r”, this is a
table that is used for religious rituals. So, any, you know… Many religions use altars. If you’re thinking about Christian faiths,
if you go to a Christian church, they will have a table in the front of the
church, this is called an altar. So: “The priest is
behind the altar.” In the past, altars were used for other things,
like animal sacrifices, and in some cases human sacrifices, like
that Indiana Jones scene. Right? What’s that word
that they u-…? I don’t remember. Anyway. “Bald” and “bawled”. So, you probably know “bald”, “b-a-l-d”, an
adjective which means without hair, having no hair. So, who’s a famous bald
person that I can think of? Well, if you’ve seen the movie Doctor
Strange, Tilda Swinton’s character is bald. She doesn’t have any hair. Right? And “bawled”, “b-a-w-l-e-d”, so this is the
past of the verb “bawl”, “b-a-w-l” and in the past form it means
cried loudly or wailed. So, let me… Let me look at some examples
so you understand what I mean. So, first: “My dad bawled when he
discovered his first bald spot.” Okay? So, you know, balding
is a process usually. When you find your first bald spot, like it’s
here usually, and you’re like: “Oh no, I’m losing my hair.” Although, bald is beautiful,
too, so don’t worry, guys. Just embrace it. It’s okay. “My dad bawled”-like he cried strongly and
loudly-“when he discovered his first bald spot”. Or: “I bawled at the
end of that movie.” So, if you watch an emotional
movie, or like the… You know, the big scene in The Lion King,
for example, when Simba’s father dies and when you were a kid, maybe you bawled because
you were not emotionally prepared for that level of disappointment. Damn you, Disney. Damn you. I’m sorry. I’m sorry. Just that movie gets to me. “Bread” and “bred”. So, you guys know what “bread” is, you eat
it, it’s delicious, make sandwiches, toast with it. And then “bred”, this is
the past verb of “breed”. Now, “to breed” can mean
to procreate or raise. So, on a farm, for example, farmers
can breed certain animals. So: “They bred cattle”-which basically
means cows-“on their farm”. You can also use this for a person in the
expression of: “I was born and bred in”, whatever city or town you grew up in. And if this place made you who you are, you
can say: “I was born and bred in Rio”, “I was born and bred in Bogota”, “I was born
and bred in Osaka”, wherever, you were… You know, you became you. Next: “cent”, “sent”, “scent”. A “cent” is just a penny,
basically one cent. Many places don’t have cents
anymore, including Canada. In the States I think they
phased it out I’m pretty sure. Is that right? I don’t remember. Anyway, “sent” is the past of “send”, and
tell me in the comments because I’m not going to look it up right now. So, “sent” is the
past of “send”. And then finally: “scent”,
“s-c-e-n-t”, this just means smell. So, this is a noun, like the scent of flowers,
the scent of peaches, the scent of roses, the smell. So, for example: “Calvin Klein sent me a catalogue
of their new scents”, their new smells basically, Obsession, and all that stuff. Number six: “horse”, this is my depiction of
a horse and “hoarse”, which is an adjective. This refers to a harsh voice or the voice you
have if you’ve been screaming for a long time. So if you go to a concert, for example, and
you’re singing, and you’re going wild and crazy, and you’re yelling and you’re saying:
“Yeah!” at the end of the concert your voice probably sounds like this. Your voice sounds hoarse.
Okay? So: “My voice was hoarse
after the concert.” I can think of many concerts that I’ve been
to that had this effect, so Metallica was definitely one of them, Radiohead was definitely
another one of them, and Pearl Jam, I went pretty crazy at that show, too. So, lots of concerts there. And number seven:
“retch” and “wretch”. The first one is disgusting, so “to
retch” means to vomit or to try to vomit. So if you’re retching, please close
your eyes if vomiting makes you sick. But if you’re going… Right?
You’re retching. Okay? To retch. And “wretch” with a “w”, this is a noun which
refers to a despicable or incredibly unhappy individual or person. So, here’s the first retch: “The
smell of the food made me retch.” Like, if you’re, you know, you smell food
and it’s new and weird to you and you hate the smell, or maybe it’s bad and you open the
fridge and there’s something that’s been in there, like cheese, for like,
I don’t know, five months. Okay? It makes you retch. And finally: “He’s been a miserable
wretch since the breakup.” Since breaking up with his girlfriend, he’s
been unhappy, miserable, not very nice to hang out with. So, thinking about The Lion King again, you
know, Disney has a lot of movies where parents die for some reason, like Frozen, the parents
die-spoiler alert-Bambi, was it the mother or father that dies? Spoiler alert. And Lion King and then The Good
Dinosaur, Pixar, the father dies. Spoiler alert. Why do they keep doing this? Sorry, again. Okay: “sink” and “synch”. So, “sink”, “s-i-n-k”, the verb which means
to, you know, go below a surface, like the Titanic sank, which is
the past of “sink”. Here’s a boat which is sinking. So: “If you can’t
swim, you’ll sink.” Right? This is not the same as “drown”, which means to
die because you can’t swim or to die because you have water in your lungs.
Okay? And it’s also a place where you wash your
hands, you know, in the bathroom or where you wash your dishes
in your kitchen. So: “synch”, “s-y-n-c-h”, this is a
verb, it’s short for “synchronize”. So: “Let’s synch our calendars.” If you have friends and you want to know what
they’re doing, and you have, you know, an electronic calendar on your phone, they have
one, too, say: “Hey, let’s synch our calendars so that we know what, you know, the other
person is doing on which day”, and we can do that, or you can synch your alarms, for
example, so you both wake up at the same time. Number nine: “soul” and “sole”. So, “soul”, “s-o-u-l”, the noun is, you know,
can be the spirit of a deceased person. Not necessarily deceased. Some people believe you have a
spirit inside you at all times. This is your soul. “Soul” can also be the feeling of something,
the feeling of a city, for example, a place. So you can say, if you’re in a place that’s
very dark and depressing, and no one… There’s no life, it’s not vibrant,
you can say: “The city has no soul.” Or: “You have no soul”, which is a very terrible
insult if you say: “You have no soul”, like no human feeling. “Sole”, “s-o-l-e” can have a
couple of different meanings. It can be a noun, which means the
bottom part of your foot, so the… If this is your foot, the whole
underside of your foot is your sole. When you go to the store you can buy insoles
for your shoes, for example, and you know, they cover… Go under the sole of your foot. It can also mean
the one and only. So, the sole survivor, for example, of
a plane crash or something like that. So: “She is my sole
living relative.” If you only have one living family member
left in your family, you can say: “She is my sole living relative”,
the one and only. “My sole reason for
living”, for example. And finally, number 10:
“vial” and “vile”. So, “vial”, the noun, here’s a picture of
a vial that you can often see in doctors’ offices or science labs. This is a small container
that is used for liquids. So you can have a vial of blood, or a vial of a
specific chemical, like ammonia, for example. Is it ammonia? Anemia is the disease, right? Ammonia, ammonia, that’s it. So, then “vile”, the adjective, “v-i-l-e”, this
means wretchedly bad, absolutely disgusting, awful, terrible. So: “A vile human being.”
Right? If I say: “He is a vile human being”,
disgusting, terrible, awful. It’s a very strong
and horrible word. And if you want to use both of these: “He
filled the vial with a vile poison”, a very strong, gross, disgusting,
terrible poison. Okay? So, speaking of vile, Disney, I can’t stand
them, guys, they keep killing people. It can’t be… We need to stop this. We… Okay, forget it, Alex.
Just forget it. Today we talked
about homophones. Better yet, we talked about
advanced homophones. If you want to go back and watch a video that
has 20 more combinations of homophones, 10 at the beginner level, 10 at the intermediate
level, you can do so at the link attached to this video. And once you do that, I think you’ll feel a
lot more confident in your English speaking ability, your English comprehension, your
English spelling, and just in general; you’ll be an all-around, more confident,
and comfortable English speaker. My mom is calling me. I’m just going to
turn that off, guys. Hold on. In the middle of a
video, is just… It’s really rude. But let’s finish that.
Okay. So, if you want to test your understanding
of this material, as always, you can check out the quiz on www.engvid.com. You can also subscribe to my channel, check
me out of Facebook, check me out on Twitter. And yeah, do all those things, and also donate
to the site if you want to support what we do here. So, thank you very much, guys, for
clicking and I’ll see you next time. I hate Disney.

100 comments

I want to thank you so much ..your lessons are very simple and usefull
Would you present the lesson of tag question ,please?

Sir
INFINITIVE do not refer to present,past,future.
BUT
In this sentence – He is soon to be a teacher.
Why "to be" (infinitive) refer to future time? ??
THANK YOU SIR

Thanks for clicking, everyone! Let me know if you have any questions or comments. And don’t worry, I promise I’ll get a haircut before next year. Maybe.

Hahaha alex what disney is doing ☺ they have become murderers instead to providing an entertainment for viewers 😂 . Alex , why do you put so much blush on 😉 … I really enjoyed the lesson. That was seriously amazing. Loved it. ❤

Hahaha I love your jokes man you are really funny hahahaha as always great lessons I've been learning a lot with your videos.
Greetings from Brazil.

Hi Alex! Great video lesson. You are one of my favourite English teachers on the internet. Thanks a lot!

Hello mr.Alex .I' m a sri lankan.I want to be an English teacher.If it is possible please tell us what oder should I study lessons.thnks

I talk about your videos I will try to watch your all videos and if you can tell me what course should I fallow .I have learnt only basic English grammar .thanks

I have been watching you for a year now. and thanks to you sir I am better in English, not perfect yet but I will never stop watching more videos

I am soon to be an actor.
I will be an actor soon.
SIR what is the difference between the two sentences? ??
Thank you SIR

1:- You have to do work. AND
2:-You have to do the work.
In example no 1 if we do not use an article ( the ) before WORK ; is sentence grammatically write?
THANK YOU

Hi, Alex! I appreciate a lot your videos and explanations.
May you make a video about basic Vehicle Mechanic vocabularies? This would be very helpful. Thanks!

Proloy Mondal
In my name
Is MONDAL (title) an adjective? ? OR which parts of speech ??? Or is this a totally COMPOUND NOUN?
THANK YOU SIR

Is this a full sentence? (( How TO CREATE A VIDEO?)) What is the structure pattern of this sentence? Is this not a full sentence?

Sir is HOW an adjective or adverb here ? and is this modyfing to verb infinitive(to create) ??? And please give me a sentence with that type noun phrase!
THANK YOU SIR

I know how to sing. In this sentence
What is the structure pattern of subordinate noun clause???(how to sing) or is this not a subordinate clause??
PLEASE TELL ME SIR
I just know the structure pattern of principal clause.
I KNOW = S+V+O (S. Clause) but structure pattern of subordinate clause? ?
*I know the definition*= A clause is a groups of words that has a SUBJECT AND A PREDICATE of its own and that forms the part of a larger sentence.I have read in my grammar book. But where is the subject and verb of subordinate clause ??

Hey Alex, dono how I came to your channel but enjoyed your video & I'm new subscriber to your channel. Good Job, God bless.

What is the difference between infinitive clause and infinitive phrase ? I have read in Wikipedia about the topic infinitive clause But now I have to know the difference between this?

Do not worry Alex you have a great voice to sing . thank you for that excellent informations

Which one is correct,
1.Comb your hair
2. Do your hair
I hope you will make me understand about it please reply with example. Thank you

An awesome video Alex, very useful, I though sole has both meanings, the bottom of the shoe as well as the spirit, now I know 🙂 thanks!

I love your lessons! Thanks for the kindness of sharing the transcription 🙂 What do you think about a lesson about advanced linking words? I see a lot of however x even though x although x besides x in addition, etc… But there are so many more complicated stuff :s

Hello teacher you are very funny, I like a lot, this is a good way to teach us, and become more simple to understand.

Sir after watching your vedioes i an feeling now iam don.t have to worry about learning english because you are here

Alex, I offer my condolences for your loss. I see your video since 2017. You're a nice person. Thank you so much!

Thanks it's a really useful lesson. could you please explain these two term "hahaphony and paraphony"? and are they types of homophones?

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